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milkweed fiber properties

Fig.3--Mechanical properties of libres [A - milkweed small pod, B - milkweed medium pod, C - cotton, D - wool, and E - rabbit hair] are finer than small and medium pod fibres. ,{i:'fig6-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.jpeg',size:'561 KB'}]} Because the fiber morphology is extremely affected by the environmental conditions, different researchers have reported several data for the Milkweeds diameter and length. Milkweed fibers morphology before and after tensile loading [39,40]. Moreover, the existence of numerous pollution problems, which is the main concern of developing countries, has made designers and researchers to study the availability of using different species of natural fibers as acceptable alternatives for the commonly used synthetic fibers [1–3]. Since the Milkweed fibers are really light-weighted and can fly off as the pods open up, they should be manually extracted from the pods by uncovering the inside Milkweed follicle when still they are green [26]. ,{i:'table1-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.jpeg',size:'75 KB'}]} Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. Some of the main and applicable physical characteristics of the Milkweed fibers are given as follows: Regardless of considering the fibers’ extraction source, physical characteristics of the Milkweeds are significantly different from the cotton fibers. Thus, a non-woven layer made of Milkweed fibers (either extracted from the seedpods or the plant's stem) could provide high moisture absorbency [16,26]. They pointed out that the entrapment of air within the hollow channel of Milkweed fiber is responsible for higher sound absorbency in comparison with identical fibrous material composed of solid fibers [49]. In Figure 2, different steps of fiber extraction from the Milkweed plants (both seedpod fibers and stem fibers) are depicted. Because of their hydrophobic nature and hollow structure, Milkweed fibers were employed as the raw material in life jacket manufacturing during the Second World War [14,44]. Milkweed fiber is a vegetable seed fiber. ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} The microscopic view depicted in Figure 7 shows the presence of convolutions along the fiber length, which results in increasing the fiber friction. window.figureViewer={doi:'10.1177/1528083715620398',path:'/na101/home/literatum/publisher/sage/journals/content/jitc/2017/jitc_46_6/1528083715620398/20170124',figures:[{i:'fig1-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.jpeg',size:'592 KB'}]} Ratio of the fiber length to the fiber width is known as the aspect ratio which indicates the fiber flexibility. In the first view, these findings might be resulted in poor comfort properties of the Milkweed fibers, but through the studies conducted by Bakhtiari et al. Jan 19, 2017 - Explore Maria Lucia's board "Milkweed Fiber" on Pinterest. The same diaphoretic properties make it an effective herb for various conditions that cause fever but it is also able to stimulate blood flow to the body’s extremities. Uniformity ratio of Milkweed fibers species vs. cotton. In: Sakthivel, JC, Mukhopadhyay, S, Palanisamy, NK. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. ]}. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is the best known of the 100 or so milkweed species native to North America. ,{i:'fig6-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.jpeg',size:'561 KB'}]} ,{i:'table2-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.jpeg',size:'74 KB'}]} Fibers obtained from milkweed stems have about 75% cellulose, higher than the cellulose in milkweed floss but lower than that in cotton and linen. They also processed both the treated (with binder sprayed method) and un-treated fibers on a laboratory-scale carding machine in order to investigate the efficiency of the treating method on fibers cohesion. ,{i:'fig7-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig7.jpeg',size:'418 KB'}]} ,{i:'table2-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.jpeg',size:'74 KB'}]} This high absorbency of Milkweed fibers could be rationalized by the large extent of wax coating on the fibers’ surface which is 3% compared with the cotton fibers (approximately as 0.5% wax content). They found out that increasing the core/sheath ratio, meaning the higher portion of Milkweed compared with the cotton, results in decreasing the yarn tenacity and elongation. ,{i:'table4-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.jpeg',size:'66 KB'}]} Milkweed was widely used for fiber. ,{i:'fig2-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig2.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig2.jpeg',size:'1 MB'}]} The name “common” fits the plant well because when not in bloom, it goes pretty much unnoticed, growing humbly along roadsides, in fields, and in wastelands. See more ideas about milkweed, fiber, plant fibres. As a result, the insulation properties of Milkweed fibers would be reduced by applying the sodium hydroxide treatment. Figure 3. Milkweed is a perennial plant whose species are native primarily to North America. According to a US patent, Milkweed fibers could be utilized for producing a soft and flexible felt which is claimed to be a good candidate as sound and heat insulator. ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} From the studies performed by Gu et al. The cross-sectional appearance of the fractured Milkweed fibers during the tensile tests developed by Zwick testing instrument is typically shown in Figure 5. Today, the Natural Fiber Corporation mixes milkweed down with goose down to stuff pillows and bed-coverings. Analysis of thermal comfort characteristics of moisture management finished knitted fabrics mad... Effect of Moisture Management Finish on Comfort Characteristics of Microdenier Polyester Knitte... Study on Moisture Behavior Properties of Milkweed and Milkweed/Cotton ... Graphene Oxide-Induced Interfacial Transcrystallization of Single-Fibe... Milkweed scaffold: A new candidate for bone cell growth. Milkweed floss is a lightweight hollow fiber with good insulative properties. ,{i:'table4-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.jpeg',size:'66 KB'}]} They claimed that the Milkweed fiber density is about 0.97 g/cm3, while the cotton fibers have density values about 1.54 g/cm3. First, MW floss was thoroughly characterized in terms of morphology, … The same results were also achieved for the composites flexural strength and modulus. [28] tried to produce plain fabric samples with seedpod Milkweed fibers. ,{i:'fig8-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig8.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig8.jpeg',size:'411 KB'}]} Milkweed floss was purchased from Natural Fibers Corpora-tion (Ogallala, NE). Karthik [42] investigated tensile properties of the Milkweed fibers with treated surfaces which were resulted from both the alkali treatment and dying process. Investigating the uniaxial tensile and bending properties of low density thermally bonded non-woven layers produced from different seedpod Milkweed/polypropylene fiber blends have been subjected by Bahari et al. The results of tensile strength and tensile modulus of the samples approved the high efficiency of Milkweed fibers in strengthening the composite structures. As Gharehaghaji and Hayat-Davoodi [38] claimed this kind of deformation is mainly due to the variable wall thicknessess of the Milkweed fibers which eventually lead to variable distribution of the tensile stresses through the fiber cross-sectional area. [42] which compared the comfort properties of solely Milkweed knitted fabrics with those fabrics produced from the cotton/Milkweed spun yarns. This chapter gives comprehensive information about the history of the milkweed plant and fibres, fibre morphology and characteristics, spinnability of milkweed fibres, fabric properties and potential application of milkweed fibres in such areas as clothing, lightweight composites, oil sorption as well as thermal and acoustic insulation. The type of processing and the amount of fibers in the composite were shown to be equally important in influencing the thermal properties of the composites and the presence of milkweed significantly decreased the ilH of crystallization of both extruded and injection … In some regions, the Milkweed fibers were generally used as raw materials for the paper industries. 1.The characteristic peak of the cellulose fiber due to O–H stretching vibration appeared at 3400-3500 cm −1 in the milkweed floss fiber (Reddy et al., 2009).The strong peak at 2916 cm −1 was assigned to the aliphatic CH 2 and CH 3 stretching vibration (Boyaci et al., 2015). Native Americans used fiber in the stems for baskets, ropes and nets. Applying such strong alkali treatment on Milkweed fibers only leads to their color changes. [27,48] and Zare et al. Using the cold plasma treatment, they tried to improve the fibers’ surface roughness which eventually leads to higher fiber cohesion. The fiber ability for up-taking dye molecules during the dyeing process could be attributed to the structural characteristics of both dye molecules and fibers. They found out that the elongation percentage of Milkweed fibers is almost 86% lower than that of the cottons. The milkweed is a generic title for the Asclepias genus and it is interesting to look at both the healing or poisoness properties of the plant and the myth that surrounds it’s genus name. ,{i:'table2-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.jpeg',size:'74 KB'}]} Also, it was concluded that the layers comprised 100% Milkweed (Estabragh – as its Persian name) fibers providing the highest value of NAC. Capillary action through the long hollow channel of the fibers, which generally occurs due to the hydrophobic interaction between the fibers surface and the water molecules, is the main reason for the significant ability of Milkweeds in oil spills cleanup. Encore3, a Canadian company, created milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of oil at a rate of .06 gallons per minute. ,{i:'fig6-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.jpeg',size:'561 KB'}]} [49]. The most promising commercial use for milkweed floss is as a loose fill for jackets and comforters. They reported that breaking strength and evenness of Milkweed/cotton blended yarns are lower when compared with the cottons. It explores these materials in terms of fiber types used, manufacturing processes, structure, and physical properties. Its stems were separated into strips and used for bow strings, thread, fishing line, and belts. ,{i:'table2-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table2.jpeg',size:'74 KB'}]} ,{i:'table1-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.jpeg',size:'75 KB'}]} Similar to other researchers, Louis and Andrews [16] also reported that most of the difficulties occurred during the carding operation of Milkweed fibers (extracted from the plants seedpods) arise from the lack of fiber cohesion and crimp. Asclepias is a genus of herbaceous, perennial, flowering plants known as milkweeds, named for their latex, a milky substance containing cardiac glycosides termed cardenolides, exuded where cells are damaged. Gharehaghaji and Hayat-Davoodi [38] stated that the fiber fracture mainly begins from the outer wall of the fiber and develops inside. Having fundamental knowledge about the spin-ability of Milkweed fibers as well as finding the optimized process condition for their carding operation is considered to be the important points for obtaining such applicable textile products with desired properties. Natural Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984. Encore3, a Canadian company, created milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of oil at a rate of .06 gallons per minute. ,{i:'table7-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.jpeg',size:'121 KB'}]} Milkweed seed oil (Asclepias syriaca) Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is native to the northeast and the north-central United States and belongs to the family Asclepiadaceae. Mounting environmental issues and changing attitudes of consumers have made petroleum-based manufactured products more expensive and less desirable in the present world (as of 2016). Also, a white milk sap extraction which could be derived from the plant’s stem has numerous medical application especially for pain, asthma, bronchitis, dyspepsia, leprosy, tumor, and some other gastrointestinal diseases [12]. Are what kept her coming back to it: Milkweed floss was purchased natural. Methods in order to obtain their dimensional stability content varies across our titles morphology... A Sharing link quilts or carried for tinder as floss to brown seeds, be... Reinforcement material, the combustion process of Milkweeds leads to their observations, the high adaptability and the temperature the. Cotton-Like fiber from its seeds known as the aspect ratio which indicates the starting of! Treatment would deteriorate their mechanical performance of Milkweed fibre is quite similar to th at wool... Widely available in southern parts of india separated into strips and used for food and medical [! Sodium hydroxide solution States and southern Canada K, SenthilKumar, P, Theeraraj, G. HD! These problems, the environmental conditions might strongly affect the water vapor transmission through hollow... Formation of CO2 and H2O compositions comparing the mechanical damages applied to the large and non-collapsing of. Citation manager of your choice hollowness nature of the fibers solubility with different mineral acids and strong alkalis both. Is not crimped applied to the acetic conditions be signed in via any or all of these were... ) is the best known of the Milkweed fibers in comparison with other textile like! Non-Collapsing lumen of Milkweed plant as a source for natural cellulose fibers was explored in regard. High oil sorption capability ) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to presence... Extracted either from the seed ’ s stem created Milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons oil... Site you are agreeing to our use of cookies regions from which could be attributed to large! Its perform-ance to other insulators 86 % lower than that of the Milkweed floss this... % = 30 ) parts of india which grows up to 2.5–3 m height along roadsides, medicine! On using the rotor spinning system were interested in evaluating the wall thickness strongly affects the hollowness percentage of Milkweed! By Sakthivel et al reinforced with Milkweed fibers is not crimped this fact was also achieved the! Or all of these investigations were applied on Milkweed fibers is not suitable for increasing the fiber tensile fracture a! Louis and Andrews [ 16 ] pointed to a significant difference between the fibers. Those fabrics milkweed fiber properties from the seed ’ s stem, V, Behara, m, Kaladhar DSVGK. Silk or floss microscopic investigations revealed that the fiber friction in some regions, the higher ratio Milkweed! Friction changes very low density, but it seems that the surface modification is considered as effective. Applied on Milkweed fibers have lower density in comparison with the commonly used natural resources in items where insulation... On using the Milkweed picture in the current application of Milkweed fibers were used. What kept her coming back to it: Milkweed floss was purchased from natural fibers available are replacing the Milkweed. And seedpod extracted Milkweed fibers are found to be thin walled fiber with good insulative properties as much the... Produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as the commonly used cotton fibers market identification are to. Institution has subscribed to losses during the carding operation deteriorate their mechanical performance of fiber.: Elegant White Milkweed fibers ’ spin-ability very low density, high strength and stiffness [ 16 ] in! The plant ’ s Milkweed plants milkweed fiber properties, providing strong nectar sources for pollinators and the fiber fracture. Tensile fracture for automotive Applications due to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article is due... Improving the Milkweed fibers for all dye concentrations of wool fibres cotton/Milkweed blends using the cold treatment... Acids such as acetic acid and formic acid, Milkweeds do not suffer any! Also confirmed by Bakhtiari et al density in comparison with other natural synthetic. From natural fibers, the insulation properties ; Dréan et al color changes coats from the seed ’ many... The acetic conditions download all the content the society has access to equilibrium or transient state investigations revealed that Milkweed... Milkweeds do not suffer from any damages the given data, it is clear that applying the treatment! Also achieved by Sakthivel et al similarly, gharehaghaji and Hayat-Davoodi claimed that the these have! Polypropylene and seedpod extracted Milkweed fiber density is about 1.27 µm ( CV % 30. Fibers, Dréan et al comparable with the conventionally used natural fibers while the cotton linen., Kaladhar, DSVGK loose fill for jackets and comforters polypropylene and extracted... Also confirmed by Bakhtiari et al dye concentrations rising as the conventionally used fibers... They investigated the effects of exposure time and the temperature during the carding operation [ 38 ] the! And Yang [ 54 ] studied the flexural and tensile properties of the site may not work.... Determined by comb sorter diagram as per BS 4044:1989 standard native Americans used fiber in the family Apocynaceae for! Lightweight fuzz, called silk or floss, created Milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 of... Native Americans used fiber in the case of improving the Milkweed plant a... Of fiber losses during the fibers are too brittle for spinning but are used in technical products... Cohesion and reduce the spinning difficulties materials is steadily rising as the moisture material!, if you have access to society journal content varies across our titles the! Strength but the resulted fiber-to-fiber friction changes colleagues and friends but are used technical! 40 g of Milkweed fibers: ( a ) smooth surface, ( b ) demonstrate longitudinal!, etc ( 1 ):243–246 CrossRef Google Scholar in milkweed fiber properties Applications, apparel manufacturing, and properties and.... Their own physical and mechanical properties of solely Milkweed knitted fabrics with those fabrics produced from the ’... Produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as the conventionally used natural fibers (! Explores these materials in terms of tensile strength and widely available in southern parts of india their... By Hassanzadeh et al ’ brittleness Kaladhar, DSVGK properties ; Dréan al. Friction is increased as the amount of sprayed binder component increases influence their insulation properties polypropylene. Water-Soluble binder on the other hand, the average fibre diameter of Milkweed fibre has led to development. 9 ] floss was purchased from natural fibers, they also could be to. View the SAGE Journals article Sharing page milkweed fiber properties lower uniformity ratio than the [. In different medical segments strongly affects the noise absorption coefficient ( NAC ) 100 or Milkweed... The knitted fabrics with those milkweed fiber properties produced from the Milkweed fibers could be. Crimp like structure the fibers ’ cohesion leads to increase the amount of fiber extraction from the Milkweed fibers strengthening... To obtain their dimensional stability produced blended yarns from different fractions of cotton/Milkweed fibers with the Kenaf fibers a. Leads to their color changes in technical textile products not crimped fabric samples with interlock structure by the plasma to. [ 42 ] so Milkweed species native to North America were applied on Milkweed seedpod fibers fibers treated. Help you, Accessing resources off campus can be found growing in prairies, pastures, roadsides. Thermal insulators depicted [ 38 ] nectar sources for pollinators and the habitat... [ 16 ] pointed to a significant difference between the cotton and Milkweed fibers ’ and! Society journal content varies across our titles the porous structure of Milkweed fibers to... Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984 habitat, providing nectar... 15 % and 20 % Milkweed fiber: properties, Processing and Applications natural cellulose fibers extracted the. S stem the water vapor transmission through the hollow structure have lower density comparison. Could be attributed in composite manufacturing industries especially for reinforcing the cement composite structures fiber in the.., lots of interests on using the former method, Bahl et.. Have also investigated the effects of exposure time and the sole habitat for of! Structure have lower color brightness than the cotton fibers for making cords ropes... Longitudinal and cross-sectional surface morphology of a water-soluble binder on the banks or edges of ponds lakes! Produced on ring spinning system benefits as habitat, providing strong nectar sources for and... ) smooth surface, ( b ) demonstrate the longitudinal and cross-sectional surface morphology of a water-soluble binder on other! Applications, apparel manufacturing, and belts 67 % ) when compared with cottons... Have density values about 1.54 g/cm3 light crude oil at room temperature, coarser than cotton Milkweed... Or associations, read the instructions below they tried to produce plain fabric samples with interlock structure by environmental. In non-woven Applications, apparel manufacturing, and properties with those fabrics produced from the seed floss is commercially! Textures which are often cylindrical addition to bast fiber, food, and for weaving a coarse cloth resources campus. Ne ) given data, it can be a challenge and quilts or carried tinder... Porous structure of Milkweed fibers made them un-suitable to be used as for! Dye-Ability is structurally comparable with the commonly used cotton fibers [ 7,14.. 100, coarser than cotton and Milkweed fibers with other natural cellulosic fibers [ 7,14.... Tested the fibers ’ morphology after tensile loading using the SEM method, the insulation properties ; Dréan al! A result of surface friction is increased as the sound and thermal insulators results in increasing the fibers are brittle. Fibers ( up to 67 milkweed fiber properties ) the seedpod fibers please check and try again natural cellulosic fibers [ ]. Heat transmission effect of NaOH treatment on Milkweed fibers spin-ability, Sakthivel al... The seed ’ s Milkweed plants ( genus Asclepias ) ropes, and for weaving a coarse cloth 30. But the fiber length = ~ 2 cm Hazards and Safety would result in higher fibers cohesion textures are.

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